Female Reproductive Anatomy

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This is in connection to my previous post...Just a little review on female reproductive anatomy, and how are they get tainted with abnormalities such as tumor.

The two parts that are most commonly infected with tumors:
  • Uterus - or womb in layman's term is the major female reproductive organ of most mammal, including humans.
  • Ovary - is an egg producing reproductive organ found in female organisms.
What is a tumor?

It is an abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be benign or malignant (cancerous). There are dozens of different types of tumors. Their names usually reflect the kind of tissue they arise in, and may also tell you something about their shape or how they grow.

Treatment is also specific to the location and type of the tumor. Benign tumors can sometimes simply be ignored, or they may be reduced in size (debulked) or removed entirely via surgery. For cancerous tumors, options include, chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery.

The Types of Tumor
What is a Dermoid Cyst of the ovary and how does it developed?

A bizarre tumor, usually benign, in the ovary that typically contains a diversity of tissues.

A dermoid cyst develops from a totipotential germ cell (a primary oocyte) that is retained within the egg sac (ovary). Being totipotential, that cell can give rise to all orders of cells necessary to form mature tissues and often recognizable structures such as hair, bone and sebaceous (oily) material, neural tissue and teeth.

Dermoid cyst may occur at any age but the prime age of detection is in the childbearing years. The average age is 30. Up to 15% of women with ovarian teratomas have them in both ovaries. Dermoid cysts can range in size from a centimeter (less than a half inch) up to 45 cm (about 17 inches) in diameter.

These cysts can cause the ovary to twist (torsion) and imperil its blood supply. The larger the dermoid cyst, the greater the risk of rupture with spillage of the greasy contents which can create problems with adhesions, pain etc.

Removal of the dermoid cyst is usually the treatment of choice. This can be done by laparotomy (open surgery) or laparoscopy (with a scope). Torsion (twisting) of the ovary by the cyst is an emergency and calls for urgent surgery.

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